Tsunamis: Natural Hazards
In December 2004, when a tsunami killed more than 200,000 people in 11 countries around the Indian Ocean, the United States was reminded of its own tsunami risks.
In fact, devastating tsunamis have struck North America before and are sure to strike again. Especially vulnerable are the five Pacific States -- Hawaii, Alaska, Washington, Oregon, and California -- and the U.S. Caribbean islands.
In the wake of the Indian Ocean disaster, the United States is redoubling its efforts to assess the Nation's tsunami hazards, provide tsunami education, and improve its system for tsunami warning.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is helping to meet these needs, in partnership with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and with coastal States and counties.
Tsunami DefinitionAn ocean wave produced by a sub-marine earthquake, landslide, or volcanic eruption. These waves may reach enormous dimensions and have sufficient energy to travel across entire oceans.
|Data Source: U.S. Geological Survey|
21 Kasım 2013 Perşembe
Wisconsin State Song
Official State Song
Lyrics: Charles D. Rosa and J. S. Hubbard
Music: William T. Purdy
Official State Ballad
"Oh Wisconsin, Land of My Dreams"
Lyrics: Erma Howland Barrett
Music: Shari Sarazin
Official State Waltz
"The Wisconsin Waltz"
Lyrics: Eddie Hansen
Music: Eddie Hansen
"On, Wisconsin" is a football fight song composed by William Purdy in 1909 and dedicated to the University of Wisconsin football team. Carl Beck co-wrote lyrics for the song with Purdy, and the rhythmic and rousing ditty became very popular among students. In 1913, Judge Charles Rosa and Mr. Hubbard were inspired to write new, more earnest lyrics. This made the song even more popular, but it was still not officially recognized as the state song until 1959. In 1993 Shari Sarazin set a sweet melody to a ballad written by her grandmother Erma Howland Barrett, and the resulting song, "Oh Wisconsin, Land of My Dreams," became Wisconsin's official state ballad in 2001. In addition to these two songs, the state also adopted an official waltz in the same year, "The Wisconsin Waltz," by Waupaca native Eddie Hansen.
The Wisconsin Quarter
|The Wisconsin quarter is the fifth of 2004 and the 30th in the 50 State Quarters® Program. On May 29, 1848, Wisconsin became the 30th state to be admitted into the Union. The Wisconsin design depicts an agricultural theme featuring a cow, a round of cheese, and an ear of corn. The design also bears an inscription of the state motto, "Forward."Agricultural Wealth|
Wisconsin adopted the State motto, "Forward," in 1851, reflecting Wisconsin's continuous drive to be a national leader. Wisconsin is considered "America's Dairy Land" with production of over 15 percent of the nation's milk. Wisconsin also produces over 350 different varieties, types, and styles of award-winning cheeses—more than any other state. There are approximately 17,000 dairy farms, with just over one million cows that produce an average of 17,306 gallons of milk each, per year.Wisconsin is also a major corn-growing state. In 2002, Wisconsin led the nation in corn silage production and, with 391.5 million bushels produced, it ranked fifth in the production of corn for grain (shelled corn). State corn production contributed $882.4 million to the Wisconsin economy in 2003. Wisconsin is also a leading supplier of mint.Choosing the Design
In December 2001, Governor Scott McCallum appointed 23 people to the Wisconsin Commemorative Quarter Council to review and recommend candidate design themes. The state received over 9,600 suggestions, and the council narrowed the concepts down to six. After a statewide vote, Governor McCallum submitted three design concepts to the United States Mint: "Scenic Wisconsin, " "Agriculture/Dairy/Barns," and "Early Exploration and Cultural Interaction." In 2003, Governor Jim Doyle coordinated a statewide vote to select the final design, in which the "Agriculture/Dairy/Barns" design was the popular choice. This design was approved by the Secretary of the Treasury on October 9, 2003.
The 50 State Quarter ProgramSigned into law in 1997, the 50 States Commemorative Coin Program Act has become the most successful numismatic program in American history, with roughly half of the U.S. population collecting the coins, either in a casual manner or as a serious pursuit. The program produces five different reverse designs each year for ten years—each representing a different state—the order of which is determined by the order states were admitted to the Union. Design concepts are submitted to the Secretary of the Treasury by state governors for final approval. The obverse of each quarter is a slight redesign of the quarter's previous design. The cost to manufacture a quarter is about 5 cents, providing a profit of approximately 20 cents per coin. So far, the federal government has made a profit of $4.6 billion from collectors taking the coins out of circulation. In 2009, the U.S. Mint launched a separate program issuing quarters commemorating the District of Columbia and various U.S. territories.
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|Release Date:||October 25, 2004|
|Design:||Head of a cow|
Wheel of cheese
Ear of corn
|Composition:||Copper Nickel alloy|
|Weight:||2.000 oz (5.670 g)|
|Diameter:||0.955 in (24.26 mm)|
|Thickness:||0.07 in (1.75 mm)|
|No. of Reeds:||119|
|Data Source: The U.S. Mint.|
Wisconsin State Day, Motto, and Nickname
State DayWisconsin Day (observed each Wednesday of the third full week in September)
Date of Admission to United StatesMay 29, 1848
Ranking in State Admission30th
Former DesignationNorthwest Territory
HistoryThe area that is now the state of Wisconsin at one time or another in history was part of the Northwest Territory, Indiana Territory, Illinois Territory, and Michigan Territory. As a part of the Michigan Territory, many disputes over boundaries, territorial divisions, and political actions arose that added confusion to the issue of forming a separate Wisconsin Territory, and delayed such prospects from occurring.
On July 3, 1836, the organized incorporated Territory of Wisconsin was formed. For the next 12 years the territory flourished and began fulfilling the requirements for statehood. A state capitol was built in Madison, and the final political requirements were completed by March of 1848 with the adoption of a constitution. Finally, on May 29, 1848, Wisconsin became the 30th state of the Union.
"Forward" was adopted as the official state motto in 1851. This motto reflects the state’s ambitious drive to lead the way.
Nicknames"America’s Dairyland," "America’s Bread Basket," "The Badger State"
Wisconsin is a national leader in dairy production and has earned the nickname "America’s Dairyland." The fertile soils and natural resources of Wisconsin make it one of the leaders in the nation’s food production industry. The nickname "America’s Bread Basket" refers to this wealth. The badger was adopted as the official state animal in 1957 and now appears on the state coat of arms, state seal, and state flag. The nickname "Badger State" refers not only to the animal’s official status, but also to its use as a college mascot.
-World Trade Press